Gallstone Surgery - Cholecystectomy
- The gallstone is a pear-shaped organ and the gallbladder stores and concentrates bile, which helps in digestion of fats and waste products.
- Gallstones occur in the gallbladder due to an imbalance in the bile of bile salts, cholesterol or bilirubin and this results in a blockage of normal bile flow. Stones may also case gallbladder inflammation, known as cholecystitis.
- Treatment for gallstones is known as a Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy and this procedure is performed on patients when gallstones are causing pain. .
- Symptoms include pain in the mid or upper-right section of the abdomen that may come and go or may range from mild to very severe.
- Other symptoms may include nausea and vomiting, frequent diarrhoea or light-coloured chalky stools, darker urine than usual and sometimes jaundice or shaking and fever. However quite often patients may not notice gallstones and they do not need any treatment until they produce symptoms.
- Occasionally cholecystectomy if required for polyps of a certain shape/size.
- Sometimes cholecystectomy offered for patients with biliary pain, even in the absence of gallstones.
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